Friday, May 31, 2019
The Workings and Effectiveness of the Price chemical machine Introduction In this essay I am going to analyse the workings and effectiveness of the price mechanism as a means of allocating and reallocating scarce resources. I am going to do this by comparing the free market economy with its alternatives and by looking at how government intervention allows the price mechanism to carry on working. I am also going to look at the role that we, as consumers, play in the workings of the price mechanism. Definition & Workings of the Price Mechanism The Price Mechanism The system in a market economy whereby changes in price in response to changes in demand and supply hold in the effect of making demand equal to supply. The price mechanism works as follows, prices respond to shortfalls and surpluses. Shortages cause prices to rise, surpluses cause prices to fall. The price of a product result either encourage producers to supply more or less, the higher the pric e the higher their profit and the more they are going to want to supply. For example should consumers dissolve that they want more of a unafraid (of if producers decide to cut back supply), demand will exceed supply. The resulting paucity will cause the price of the good to rise. This will act as an incentive to producers to supply more and will discourage consumers from buying so much. Price will continue to rise until the shortage has thereby been eliminated. The exact opposite is true if consumers decide that they want less of a good. Price will continue falling until the surplus had been eliminated. The same outline can be applied to factor markets. If the demand for a particular type of labour exceeded its supply, the resulting shortage would drive up the wage rate, thus trim down firms demand for that type of labour and encouraging more workers to take up that type of job. Wages would continue rising until demand equalled supply or until the shortage was eliminated. The r esult of this is that, in theory, the allocation of all resources happens without the need of government intervention and only through the price mechanism. Free Market Economy The price mechanism can only function within a free market economy.
Thursday, May 30, 2019
Congress enacted the federal lower limit wage in 1938, during the Great Depression. Congress had ii goals keeping workers away from poverty and boosting consumer spending for economic recovery. Today, there is a debate, whether we should increase the nominal wage again. Increasing the minimum wage is useful for some(prenominal) reasons. First, the menstruation minimum wage has failed to keep up with inflation. Second, a higher income level abbreviates employee turnover and increases efficiency and ultimately, raising the minimum wage does not reduce employment. Even with high unemployment rates, the minimum wage is useful for the economy.Today the federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour since July 24, 2009. It has failed to keep up with inflation. The real value of the minimum wage rose steadily from 1938 until its value reached a peak in 1968. Thereafter, it suffered severe erosion as Congress failed to adjust for the inflation over time. The minimum wage of $1.60 an hour in 19 68 would be $10.47 today when adjusted for inflation. This means that the purchasing power of the minimum wage has decreased signifi pooptly over time. The current minimum wage is no longer enough to protect workers out of poverty. A person who earns the minimum wage and works full-time (40 hours/week, 52 weeks/year) still earns about $12,000 in a year. This is almost $7,000 below the poverty line for a family of three ($19,090) according to the federal poverty guidelines. As a result, the sally between poor and high-income families is continuously increasing, and taxpayers have to pay more for public assistance such as food stamps and Medicaid. Increasing the minimum wage can increase the annual income of low-income families and reduce the public assistance expenditures by g... ...litical Science, London, UK.Minimum remuneration and Employment A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in brisk Jersey and Pennsylvania David Card and Alan B. Krueger, The American Economic Review, V ol. 84, No. 4 (Sep., 1994), pp. 772-793The Effect of the Minimum Wage on the Fast-Food Industry Lawrence F. Katz and Alan B. Krueger, Industrial and Labor dealings Review, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Oct., 1992), pp. 6-21Minimum Wage Effects Across State Borders Estimates Using Contiguous Counties Arindrajit Dube, T. William Lester, and Michael Reich, Review of Economics and Statistics (2010) 924, 945-964Do Minimum Wages Really Reduce Teen Employment? ALLEGRETTO, S. A., DUBE, A. And REICH, M. (2011), Accounting for Heterogeneity and Selectivity in State Panel Data. Industrial Relations A Journal of Economy and Society, 50 205240. doi 10.1111/j.1468-232X.2011.00634.x
Karl Marxs The communist Manifesto The Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx explains the history of all societies as the history of class conflicts, he claims that the power and direction of all societies is determined by the modes of production, as such when the mode of production no longer suits the transaction of society there is a revolution. He predicts that a revolution is coming between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, and calls its coming inevitable. Marx argues that the bourgeoisies are no longer fit to rein, nor is their rule sustainable, as such the proletariat will overthrow them and end all class antagonisms with the creation of a classless society. However, Marx does not give enough credit rating to nationalism, nor does he ascribe to the possibility of compromise between the classes. Due to this he predicts a class war which never, and might never, take place. The first section of the Communist Manifesto describes the history of all society as the history o f class conflicts. Claiming, that every society is essentially divide into, the oppressors and the oppressed. Further more than, Marx adds, in the past, societies were organized in more complex combinations and hierarchies, but modern society is being split into two hostile camps. There has always been a continuous conflict between the variant classes the end result of these conflicts is always, either the total suppression of the oppressed classes, or a revolution, which leads to an overhaul of society. He blames the cause for the separation of modern society into alone two groups, on the fall of feudalism. These new class antagonisms are between the proletariat, and the bourgeoisie.Marx views the rise of the bourgeoisie in Europe as the result of a partner off of factors firstly, he believes that, the initial elements of the bourgeoisie, were developed by the chartered burghers who evolved from the serfs of the medieval ages. Next, following the majuscule colonization of the 16th and 17th centuries the market expanded, leading to a great need for increased production. This great demand could not be sufficed by the feudal guilds, as such they were replaced with manufacturing. However, the markets and the demand kept increasing and the manufacturing system could no longer keep up, as such it also was replaced, by Modern Industry. The Industrial Revolution of the late 18th century and th... ... the revolutionary parties. These sorts of compromises happened, and different collectivized parties left behind the ideas of radical revolution and instead pursued gradual improvement through unions and parliament. Thus the previously constant decrease in workers secernate did not continue, rather the workers started getting more rights, for example universal male suffrage. Also they fought for, and won, social and economic improvements, for example more employment stability, higher reward and laws such as the Ten Hour Act of 1847 and the Factory Act of 1833. Su ch reformations, the increase in the power of Unions and the ability of the workers to vote led to sustainable compromises between the classes, as such no class war took place. Marxs description of European society as driven by economics and divided by class lines is correct. However he fails to see the great influence of nationalism and he does not entertain the idea of compromise between the classes, because of this he wrongly predicts the destruction of the capitalist system and the bourgeoisies by the proletariat. Works CitedMcLellan, David. Karl Marx Selected Writings (Oxford, NY Oxford University Press, 1977)
Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Faulkners "A come up For Emily" is told by a resident of Jefferson, Mississippi, a township in which the Grierson family is the closest thing to true aristocracy. To the outside world it might have appeared that Miss Emily Grierson grew up wealthy and happy, however it was a lonely life for her father ruled Emily with an iron fist, turning away every suitor. No man was good ample for his daughter. The first thing Emily did after her fathers death was find a boyfriend named Homer Barron. She went out driving with Homer, and bought him expensive and personal things alike a silver toilet seat and a nightshirt. The towns people assumed she had secretly gotten married be suit with her father deathly, a big social wedding would be in bad taste. Emily became a very mulish old lady who refused to pay her taxes due to a tale that Colonel Sartoris who was the mayor at the time had told her. fit in to Sartoris, her father had lent the town some money, and whence all of her tax es were remitted. Miss Emily would manage to make her self disappear for a certain period of time. This would cause people to talk because no one would contend where she was or what she was doing. When her father had died people called and dropped by the house to give Miss Emily their condolences. She told them that he was not dead and that he was still alive. She refused for her fathers bole to be disposed of. The town thought she had gone crazy. They talked a lot of Miss Emilys servant. They do racial comments about him, and noticed when Miss Emilys house started giving off some sort of bad odor, and complained to Judge Stevens about the smell.For a bandage Emily convinced herself that the townspeople still respected her. When Emily run aground out Homer was gay, she realized his company would cause her to be pitied and laughed at.A Rose for Emily By William Faulkner Free Essay Writer Faulkners "A Rose For Emily" is told by a resident of Jefferson, Mississippi, a to wn in which the Grierson family is the closest thing to true aristocracy. To the outside world it might have appeared that Miss Emily Grierson grew up wealthy and happy, however it was a lonely life for her father ruled Emily with an iron fist, turning away every suitor. No man was good enough for his daughter. The first thing Emily did after her fathers death was find a boyfriend named Homer Barron. She went out driving with Homer, and bought him expensive and personal things like a silver toilet seat and a nightshirt. The towns people assumed she had secretly gotten married because with her father dead, a big social wedding would be in bad taste. Emily became a very stubborn old lady who refused to pay her taxes due to a tale that Colonel Sartoris who was the mayor at the time had told her. According to Sartoris, her father had lent the town some money, and therefore all of her taxes were remitted. Miss Emily would manage to make her self disappear for a certain period of time. Th is would cause people to talk because no one would know where she was or what she was doing. When her father had died people called and dropped by the house to give Miss Emily their condolences. She told them that he was not dead and that he was still alive. She refused for her fathers body to be disposed of. The town thought she had gone crazy. They talked a lot of Miss Emilys servant. They made racial comments about him, and noticed when Miss Emilys house started giving off some sort of bad odor, and complained to Judge Stevens about the smell.For a while Emily convinced herself that the townspeople still respected her. When Emily found out Homer was gay, she realized his company would cause her to be pitied and laughed at.
Tuesday, May 28, 2019
LASCAUX The Most Famous Cave in all France non too far away from the town of Montignac, in the western Massif Central and Northern Pyrenees, the cave of Lascaux was discovered. Four teenage boys and their dog discovered it. The four boys, wave Ravidat, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel and Simon Coenccus, were out on an expedition, but they found more than they bargained for that day. Their dog wandered away and they searched for him. In the process, the four boys discovered a cave that had been right below their feet for the sometime(prenominal) 17,000 years. They were not able to venture worst into the 250-meter deep cave on the first day so they came prat the next day prepared to come out the cave. When the boys first wiggled their way shovel in into the cave they did not find anything. It was not until they reached an oval room that they first discovered paintings on the walls. These boys had uncovered paintings dating back to the Aurignacian (30,000-18,000 B.C.E.) (Lam ing, 34-41) and Magdalenian (15,000-10,000 B.C.E.) periods. It is believed that many of the paintings found in Lascaux were created between 16,000 and 14,000 B.C.E. The boys could no longer keep this cave a secret, so they told one of their teachers, Monsieur Laval. After accompanying the boys down to the cave, M. Laval started alarm historians to this new discovery. Within five days three historians were already on their way to visit the site. On September 17, 1940 three experts on Paleolithic art, Abb Breuil, Dr. Cheynier and Abb Bouyssonnie, crawled down into the cave it was at this point the cave became authenticated.Soon after, many visitors began coming to the cave. What was it these people were so excited to see? When visitors first entered the cave they had to go down a twenty-meter slope, which led to the first hall, The Great Hall Of Bulls. The first thing they saw in the Great Hall of Bulls were the black bulls. Attention is quickly think on them because of the ir great size compared to the other paintings. Also found in the Great Hall of Bulls are pictures of horses, deer, a small bear, and a primitive unicorn. The contrasted so-called Unicorn appears to be walking towards the interior of the cave.
LASCAUX The Most Famous Cave in all FranceNot too far away from the town of Montignac, in the westbound Massif Central and Northern Pyrenees, the sabotage of Lascaux was discovered. Four teenage boys and their hot dog discovered it. The four boys, Marcel Ravidat, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel and Simon Coenccus, were out on an expedition, but they put in more than they bargained for that day. Their dog wandered away and they searched for him. In the process, the four boys discovered a cave that had been right below their feet for the past 17,000 years. They were not able to venture down into the 250-meter deep cave on the initiatory day so they came back the next day prepared to enter the cave. When the boys first wiggled their way down into the cave they did not welcome anything. It was not until they reached an oval room that they first discovered paintings on the walls. These boys had uncovered paintings dating back to the Aurignacian (30,000-18,000 B.C.E.) (Laming, 34-41) and Magdalenian (15,000-10,000 B.C.E.) periods. It is believed that many a(prenominal) of the paintings found in Lascaux were created between 16,000 and 14,000 B.C.E. The boys could no eight-day keep this cave a secret, so they told one of their teachers, Monsieur Laval. After accompanying the boys down to the cave, M. Laval started alerting historians to this new discovery. Within five days three historians were already on their way to visit the site. On September 17, 1940 three experts on Paleolithic art, Abb Breuil, Dr. Cheynier and Abb Bouyssonnie, crawled down into the cave it was at this point the cave became authenticated.Soon after, many visitors began coming to the cave. What was it these people were so excited to see? When visitors first entered the cave they had to go down a twenty-meter slope, which led to the first hall, The Great Hall Of Bulls. The first thing they saw in the Great Hall of Bulls were the black bulls. Attention is quickly focused on th em because of their great size compared to the other paintings. Also found in the Great Hall of Bulls are pictures of horses, deer, a small bear, and a primitive unicorn. The strange so-called Unicorn appears to be walking towards the interior of the cave.
Monday, May 27, 2019
To what extent was catnaps success in europium to 1807 the consequences of his own military ability?Napoleons success in Europe to 1807 could non assume been the consequences of a single featureor, his own military ability, nevertheless instead a combination of linking, interdependent factors, some of which chanceing a great role than others, but all helping Napoleon along the avenue to success. It is undeniable that if fate had given Napoleon an entirely different set of circumstances (if he had non been able to rise through the ranks as easily, if France had not the massive population it did e.t.c) then, no matter how intelligent or able he was, he would not have enjoyed the kind of success he did.Correlli Barnett, in his book Bonaparte, is very critical of Napoleon and his tactics, claiming that it was largely the incompetence and weaknesses of his enemies that enabled him to achieve success. For example, on the Battle of Ulm (October 1805), Barnett talks about what mig ht have happened if Austria had a customary more active than Mack, who broke out with a single Austrian corps right across Bonapartes communications. The Austrian ground draw and quarters had an impressive artillery which could have posed a threat to Napoleon if combined with Russia, but there was no universal language, and with its varied heathenish and racial populations this was a huge problem it slowed communication and often left many in a state of confusion.This all overly meant that there was no genuinely national identity allowing the kind of patriotism that the cut could apply to fight with. The Russian troops besides had huge problems, one of the main ones being the fact that the soldiers did not want to be fighting a war at all. Surrounding the conscript forces was a negative, fatalistic view of army carriage a darkly amusing fact is that soldiers could often go to their own funeral before they were conscripted away to battle. Apart from the fact that they were treated like criminals, Russian soldiers were also poorly trained, severely lacking in tactical awareness and education. Prussia on the other hand, with its fine tradition, had a very strong army.However, the Prussian skirmishes were poor and the army missed a sense of individuality (instinct or initiative) and instead acted after strategic planning alone. Furthermore, the Prussian artillery could not come close to the French standards, being completely out gunned on some occasions, even when the French had far less numbers. The British army, before 1807, was not much of a force to be reckoned with it was fairly tiny and was not as strong or quick as the French army. notwithstanding though the weaknesses of Napoleons enemies were rather considerable before 1807, he would not have been able to profit from these weaknesses if it were not for his military genius and the strength of his army.When he came to power, Napoleon inherited a huge and incredibly strong army to do with w hatever he pleased. The French army fought for a cause. They were not as mercenaries, not as workforce impressed against their will, but as citizens honorably defending their revolution against its threatened destruction by outside forces. People were full of this revolutionary ardour and actively sought battle. This was a wholly new perspective of war and the causes it was fought for. Generally, Napoleons enemies fought Wars of maneuvers and not, unlike Napoleons army, with the intention of completely annihilating the enemy. They relied on aggressive shock tactics and the momentum of the bayonet charge to bring them success. The French fought with more purpose and feeling than any other nation because they had a war with a strong purpose a terrorist war.Also, Napoleons army was blessed with a variety of talented commanders and officers. The great military theorist, the prussian, Von Clausewitz wrote on war in 1832. In this he put forward his view that 1793 marked a turning point in the organization of armies and the conduct of war. He considered that some(prenominal) were changed forever by the creation of the year of the French nation in arms (the levee en masse) that transformed limited war into total war. This refers to when the forward man in change of the army, Carnot, introduced a forced conscription to all able civilians. As well as conscription,1793 brought with it the first amalgame the merging of remnants of the old army with the new.The introduction of veteran soldiers into the new army did much to bring order into its early chaotic organization without destroying its verve, and formed the fighting force which Napoleon utilize as the basis of his grande armee. The amalgame also brought a great deal of military experience to his army Furthermore, the sheer size of Napoleons inherited army was the largest ever seen in Europe, a million men, and provided him with the ammunition, if you like, to launch devastating attacks on his enemies. He there fore inherited significant developments which had been introduced by the Republic, and which he subsequently built upon. The strength of his army, however, would not have been anywhere near as impressive if he had not the domestic foundations for success or strength of mind to know what to do with it.France had a huge population of around 28 million (the largest population in any single state in Europe) and so simply had a greater number of men to choose from. This also enabled Carnot to introduce the levee en masse which enlisted a massive 80,000 men each year into the army, fueling Frances battles, which could be fought more often, more continuously and on more fronts than any other country. Although the large majority were from poor peasant families, universal conscription brought me from all classes together and created a new sense of unity in France. Also, France had a whole society organized for war. Napoleon had a military dictatorship so could use all the resources of the s tate and was not held accountable for his failures (e.g leaving armies in Egypt and Russia and losing 50,000 men a year as opposed to Wellingtons 6,000).This greater summate of authority meant that Napoleon could make all of his appointments personally, and not by advisors. e also created a meritocracy within the army, a kind of privileged military caste. This said that if you do well in the French army, you get rewards or offices of state (giving officers incentives to succeed). Furthermore, Napoleon controlled all press and channels of communication so could have a careful watch over his country and could make sure that all efforts were in favour of driving on the savage French war machine. Although the sheer size of the army enabled Napoleon to create his grande armee and the resources of France could be used to help the war effort, Napoleons ability and qualities as a ecumenical were absolutely vital in securing his success to 1807.Napoleon was widely known as being able to i nspire loyalty. He gave the appearance of knowing everybody in his army and always knowing what was going on. He played on the ideas of military glory, of patriotism and comradeship, while giving at the same time the mental picture that he had a deep paternal concern for his men. For example, he would single people out and congratulate them by name, very personally. He used theatrical performance and emotive language in his bulletins and orders of the day to forge bonds between him and his soldiers. For example, in a Bulletin in 1805 he wrote that The Emperor is among you. Despite his generally unprepossessing appearance, when he wished to charm he could quickly win over anyone he met, however initially hostile he might be. This sort of confidence was also shown on the battlefield where Wellington observed that the effect of his presence was worth an additional force of 40,000 men to the French army.He was very charismatic and could play on the soldiers greed by promising loot, a material reward for their toils. He could also rally himself with them, Whatever the obstacles we meet, we shall overcome them. All these factors earned Napoleon the adoration of his soldiers. Whatever point of view one takes, it is a fact that Napoleon possessed a very gifted military mind. Napoleons prime tactic was to avoid a slugging match and focusing his strengths on the enemies weaknesses. He picked weakest spots and then blasted huge chunks out of them with his artillery. He had flexibility with his corps (taken from the ideas of Guibert), and would use them to come from unexpected directions and attack weak points. He was known for his pragmatism and opportunism, but there is a great debate over whether Napoleon was a great strategic planner or whether he was a scrambler, good at scrambling and improvising his way to victory.Gunther Rothenburg praises his qualities, but believed he was a planner instead of a scrambler, giving the example of his maneuver on Ulm which he de scribes as well co-ordinated and swift. However, historians such as Owen Connolly are critical of the tralatitious interpretation of Napoleon and says that he was a great improviser with no tactical doctrine who would simply profit from his enemys mistakes. Even though both of these historians, and many like them, disagree on this aspect of him, they both say that Napoleon was probably the greatest commander of all time. This shows that, even though he may have been gifted with extraordinary circumstances, Napoleons towering genius was the major driving force in his success and it is obvious that no ordinary commander could have gone as far as he did.After looking at various factors in Napoleons success in Europe to 1807, it is evident that the scale of Napoleons success was dependent on a number of things population size, Carnots policy of conscription, French resources and the coitus weakness of his enemies. Napoleons journey to success was paved by a number of these absolutely authoritative factors, without which no success would have been possible.Even though his military ability was one of these vital paving stones, one cannot really argue that it was more or less important than other crucial factors because they were all instrumental in allowing the extent of extent of Napoleons success to be realized. However, I am positive that if Napoleon did have a less fortunate army given to him when he came to power, his enemies stronger, and the potential opportunity for success had not been so great, he would still have made the ruff out of what he had and would have made relative success, showing his huge military capabilities.
Sunday, May 26, 2019
The Marshmallow Test is a study that was done by Walter Mischel in 1972 to turn up how children are able to delay triumph and how that might affect them later in life. The four year old children were told they could either fertilize the first marshmallow in 15 minutes or wait and receive a second marshmallow. They were visited again when they were 20 and the ones who were able to resist temptation had less behavioral problems and did mitigate on their SATs. in that respect are three types of research modes used in this study. One is experimentation.Experimentation is when researchers manipulate certain variables to see how they affect other variables. There are two types of variables, independent and dependent. The independent variable is the variable that might cause an effect. The dependent variable is the variable that shows the outcome of the experiment by present the effects of the independent variable. In this study the independent variable is the marshmallow, or the abi lity to delay gratification. The dependent variable is being able to delay gratification as a child makes one less potential to have behavioral problems, and also do better in school.The second type of method used in this study is correlation. Correlation shows how two things relate to each other. In this study, they are the two variables, which are the ability to delay gratitication as a child and how well someone does as a young adult. These two variables correlate by showing that a child who is able to not eat the marshmallow in 15 minutes is more likely to not have behavioral problems later in life and to do better on their SATs. The tertiary method used in this study is observation.Observation studies behaviors as they happen, without any intervention. This study shows that because the person who runs the study observes the children after telling them the rules and does not intervene with how they reacted to the marshmallow, whether that be eating it, playing with it, smelling it, etcetera. They did not interfere with the outcome of the study. In conclusion, this study shows that children who are able to delay gratification are more likely to be able to be more socially competent and get higher test scores.
Saturday, May 25, 2019
I think thats why there are more and more people are support to practice yoga and yoga has become a power brand which is able to compete with other industry. The yoga brand is managed systematically with mark panaches of teaching, mark yoga clothing, branded training programs, branded instructors and etc. There are two branded sorts of yoga which are Bikram vogue and Tara stiles. They are two different styles which appeal to two different sorts of people.Firstly, Bikram Choudhury who is the founder of Bikram yoga in America patent his approach to traditional yoga style. In the process of branding yoga, Bikram obtained the patent for his book, trademarked his companys name and actively fighting for the right of first publication of his style. When branding a style of yoga, the legal rules which involves patent, trademark and patent intend to protect the founders right and disseminate the gains of the innovation so that it heap be recognized by the people with the brand indistin guishability.The brand is also supported by Indian government which avoid others following Bikrams branded poses even though the government only considered the yoga was part of the Indias traditional knowledge ( Deshpande, Herman and Lobb 2011). Additionally, the branding strategy in terms of the Bikram s classical style of yoga is based on the inherent value and adds the more substantive value but still consistent and adherence to the addition (Cohen 2013). Secondly, Tara stiles is distinctive from Bikrams style which develop the brand in a very fresh and personal way like the founder Stiles said making yoga cool.Stiles broke the rules and added some creative values to the brand such as music in order to maintain the relevance in the society especially the younger multiplication (Girard 2013). A more modern yoga style get the people more interested in and got popular soon by the promotional videos via different channel of communication in modern society. Stiless yoga is consider ed as authentic yoga since it is created as distinctive, exciting, attractive with personal values.By thinking the reason of success of Stiless success, the aboriginal is how Stile manage the brand by fitting it in American society. According to the feature of the liberal society in America, Tara promote a natural style not rigid with a certain style which perfectly stay relevance to the social values. Furthermore, the brand communication through the YouTube, Facebook, Ipad app strength brand identity and brand influence. In conclusion, by analyzing the two styles of yoga, I learned that the values adding to the brand is very important for branding experience.The brand needs to be relevant to the features of the society and the brand needs to be protected through the legal regulation. Managing brand is a long process which requires both adherence to the tradition and forward-looking modification. Desphande R. , Herman, K. and Lobb, A. 2011, Branding Yoga, Harvard Business civilis e, Harvard. Cohen, M. 2013, Branding a style of Yoga, yoga journal, viewed 17 May 2013, <http//www. yogajournal. com/for_teachers/1683comment> Girard, K. 2013, Branding Yoga Good Business or Blasphemy? , Forbes, Harvard Business School
Friday, May 24, 2019
When I was recently suffering from the dreaded sweet tooth syndrome, I hadnt the slightest clue that the result would lead to a personal and universal philosophical debate worthy of comparison to Richard Wrights Native Son. I found a bag of Dove milk chocolates in my cupboard, and proceeded to snack mindlessly. If you be in possession of ever had a Dove chocolate bar, you may know that the foil wrappers include loveable anecdotes, encouraging you to take a well-deserved bubble bath, or reminding you that when two hearts extend, both win. After merely two chocolates (I swear), I came crosswise a wrapper that I found somewhat hysterical in nature.Follow your instincts, it beckoned, and I wanted to laugh out loud. What did this even mean? I began to think about the novel I was reading, Native Son. The main character, bigger Thomas, was somewhat of a slave to his instincts. But were they even his? And thus, my aver curiosity e rattlingplace existentialism and naturalism began. Thoug h Richard Wrights Native Son encompasses several traditional values of existentialism, the style and themes presented argon primarily a reflection of the representational movement in philosophy and literature.The philosophical studies of merciful beings, existentialism and naturalism, share a vital amount of similarities. But the distinctions between the two must be emphasized in order to better comprehend which style Richard Wright employed. Upon dissecting the style, themes, plot, and characters in Native Son, it is clear that naturalism was the predominant philosophical approach. existential philosophy has been defined as a philosophical movement or tendency, accentuating individual existence, de run shortrdom and choice.The existentialists conclude that human choice is subjective, because individuals finally must make their own choices without help from such(prenominal) external standards as laws, ethical rules, or traditions. Lifes events are not predetermined, but rather a re a series of moments. Human existence, then, cannot be thought through categories appropriate to things substance, event, process. There is something of an internal distinction in existence that undermines such attempts, a distinction that existential philosophers try to capture in the categories of facticity and transcendence. To be is to co-ordinate these opposed moments in some way, and who I am, my essence, is nothing but my manner of co-ordinating them, according to Existentialism as Philosophy. Because individuals make their own choices, they are free, but because they freely choose, they are completely responsible for their choices. The existentialists emphasize that freedom is necessarily accompanied by responsibility. Furthermore, since individuals are forced to choose for themselves, they have their freedomand therefore their responsibility thrust upon them.They are condemned to be free. The term naturalism describes a type of literature that attempts to apply scientifi c principles of objectivity and disengagement to its study of human beings, says Donna M. Campbell in Naturalism in American Literature. Naturalism is more of a philosophical study than literary technique. Naturalistic writers pretend human behavior as controlled by instinct, emotion, or social and economic conditions, and reject free will, adopting instead, in large measure, the biological determinism of Charles Darwin and the economic determinism of Karl Marx.Naturalism in literature is, in essence, an approach that proceeds from an analysis of reality in terms of natural forces like heredity, environment, and physical drives. Naturalism has its roots in the renaissance, its backgrounds in the Middle Ages. Authors in the Naturalist movement tended to deal with the harsh aspects of intent. The subject matter in naturalist works differs from realism in that it often deals with those lancinate and unpleasant experiences which reduce characters to shameful behavior in their strugg le to survive. These characters are almostly from the lower middle or the lower classes.They are poor, uneducated, and unsophisticated. Naturalism and Existentialism have several similarities. Both philosophical means of studying human nature belongs to intellectual hi account. They strive to bring a strong understanding of objectivity and coldness to their studies. They are based upon reasoning and logic, and want to see human beings scientifically. The key difference between naturalism and existentialism is the exercise of free will, and the individuals ability to find moment in their sustenance. Naturalist perspective argues that humans cannot dictate their own lives.Their belief is that an individuals life is determined by its environment, heredity, circumstances, and so forth, whereas existentialists are based upon the concept of the individual acting out of free will. The purpose of life is to reject outside g all overnment or impacts on ones life. Therefore the essential question referring to Native Son is does Bigger take control of his own life, or is his life established by his surrounding circumstances? The plot of Native Son contains examples of both existentialism (arguably) and naturalism. Primary models of existentialism would be the Biggers murders of bloody shame Dalton and Bessie.His reaction is not one of regret, but one of euphoria He had done this. He had brought all this about. In all of his life these two murders were the most meaningful things that had ever happened to him. Biggers possibilities have always been stunted by racism, but after these murderous acts, he is free to act (and to live with the consequences of these actions) for the first time. Even though these consequences ultimately mean flight and imprisonment, this feeling of self-assertion and personal control nonetheless remains liberating and intoxicating for Bigger.This action brought Bigger outside his family now, over and beyond them. Other important existentiali st passages surround the mother figures in Biggers life. The first is his mother, who sings a spiritual poesy early in the story. Bigger becomes annoyed with this, showing his need to move past religious authority to find his own meaning. The rejection of religion is a very common feature of existentialism, particularly for philosophers such as Sartre and Nietzche. Nietzsche proclaimed Gods too decompose. God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him. Sartre elaborates on this bold statement by saying that nothing will be changed if God does not exist we shall rediscover the same norms of honesty, progress and humanity, and we shall have disposed of God as an over-the-hill hypothesis which will die away quietly of itself. The second instance is Mrs. Dalton, who he somewhat compares to his mother. In their conversation in the Daltons kitchen, Bigger notices that Mrs. Dalton seems to want him to do the things she felt that he should have wanted to do, rather than the things his mother imposes upon him.Despite his dislike towards Mrs. Dalton, she gets Bigger to start thinking about his own desires, and how he wants to live. Naturalism, on the other hand, makes up quite a majority of the book. Bigger, whom the focus revolves around, is a naturalist character. He fits all of the technical traits of a realistic hero they are Frequently but not invariably ill-educated or lower-class characters whose lives are governed by the forces of heredity, instinct, and passion. Even Biggers actions that give him a sense of meaning by going against the norm are cases of him following instincts.And his instincts are based off of passions that are determined by his environment and past. For example, Bigger often feels enraged, ashamed, and frightful. every(prenominal) of these emotions come as a result of him feeling as though he is overstepping a social boundary, or he thinks he is being mocked for his race or social status. The moment a situation became so that it excited something in him, he rebelled. That was the way he lived he passed his days trying to drubbing or gratify powerful impulses in a world he feared. When he stifled these feelings, he was playing into his surroundings, and when he acted upon them, he was a crossway of his environment. The primary tone and style in which the novel was written reflects naturalist ideals. While reading Native Son, I felt an eerie detachment from the story and the characters. It is not entirely cold, but the style effectively forces the reader to realize that this is a unique type of hero. Through a methodical scrutiny of the human nature of the story, it accomplishes a naturalistic way of making the reader come to this conclusion.Today Bigger Thomas and that mob are strangers, yet they hate. They hate because they fear, and they fear because they feel that the deepest feelings of their lives are being assaulted and outraged. And they do not know why they are powerless pawns in a blind play of so cial forces. This examination of human beings displays a very scientific approach to cause-and-effect instances in human nature, as well as the inability to exercise free will over circumstances. In Wrights essay, How Bigger was Born, he discusses Bigger as chiefly a combination of many real relationships and political metaphors.Biggers relationship with white America, both North and South,I had to depict,I had to make known once again, alas a relationship whose effects are carried by every Negro, like scars, somewhere in his body and mind. Because Native Son is Biggers story, and Bigger is a naturalist human being, the novel is naturalistic as well. Any example of existentialism can be argued as yet another result of Biggers lifelong struggles. The instincts Bigger followed, whether or not dictated by a chocolate wrapper, were essentially naturalistic.Works Cited http//www. crsd. org/505208273510200/lib/505208273510200/Existentialism_Overview. doc http//static. dpsk12. org/gems/d sa/SartreonExistentialism. doc http//www. tameri. com/csw/exist/exist. html Campbell, Donna M. Naturalism in American Literature. literary Movements. . http//plato. stanford. edu/entries/naturalism/ Nietzsche, Friedrich. God is Dead. http//static. dpsk12. org/gems/dsa/HowBiggerWasBorn. doc http//static. dpsk12. org/gems/dsa/NaturalismAmerLit. doc.
Thursday, May 23, 2019
Man is the marionette in the hands of destiny. It is the circumstances and fate which bring tragic incidents in his life. The Aristotelian tragedies are generally based on this attitude. According to Aristotle cataclysm is the representation of action. Common meaning of tragedies is the poignant end of the play. Here we are pas sing to discuss about the two different tragedies which took place in different era. The first tragedy is the tragedy of King Oedipus which happened approximately 2000 years before and the split second tragedy is the tragedy which be retentives to the modern era.It is Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman. They are different from each other unless apart from a long gap of about 2000 years, scarcely yet some resemblances are there in them. We are going to discuss on the resemblances and differentiations. Let us cope King Oedipus first According to the rule of Aristotelian plot Oedipus the King is divided into two different parts, one is simple plot and ano ther is hard plot. In simple plot the changes in the fortune of King Oedipus take place without Peripety and discovery. It is a journey from ignorance to knowledge.He has to confront with the consequences of the miserable truth. At first he is not ready to accept the fact but at the end the circumstances compel him to accept the reality. The protagonist, along with the other characters, wholly becomes helpless in the hands of destiny. He is a king but the qualities of normal human beings are present in him. The tragedy takes place be crap of the sin he has committed inadvertently. According to the opinion of Aristotelian tragedies the hero of the play is neither perfectly good nor entirely bad. Oedipus thus is the man of ordinary weaknesses.He has had all the eminence but here he has shown falling into ruin from this distinction and it is unfortunately not because of any deliberate sin but because of the wrongful conduct committed by him in his ignorance. Like the protagonist the other characters in this play are also good but not perfect. For example Laios, aim of King Oedipus who is of course a good soul but still he commits a sin of attempting the murder of his son at the infant do of his life because of the fear that his son would one day kill him. Laios had the feet of this child bound and pinned.Someone tossed it in a mountain wilderness. So there. Apollo didnt cause this boy to be his fathers killer. Laios didnt bear the terror he feared from his son. Thats what the words of prophecy defined. (Line 717, Scene 3, Oedipus the King) The theory of tragedy of Arthur Miller is based on the life of an ordinary man. Miller was rejected by many critics because his tragedy was not based upon the Aristotelian concept of tragedy where the tragic hero is always a king or a prince. On the contrary the hero is a common man and so gibe to the critics he is unable to arise the tragic sen agents.But it was the belief of Miller that the common man is as apt a subje ct for tragedy in its highest sense as kings were. On the face of it this ought to be obvious in the light of modern psychiatry, which bases its analysis upon classific formulations, such as the Oedipus and Orestes complexes, for instance, which were enacted by royal beings, but which apply to constantlyyone in similar emotional situations. (an essay by Arthur Miller, Tragedy and the Common Man) With the same viewpoint Arthur Miller has depicted the tragic accounting of a very simple ordinary man, Willy. Willy is an ordinary person by occupation as well as by nature.Not notwithstanding Willy but rests of the characters are the exact mirror image of the ordinary man in the modern society who is constantly pursuing the materialist happiness. According to Miller it is not only the kings that can be the tragic heroes but the common man can also play the usance of a tragic hero. As far as the issue of morality is concerned both plays are somewhat similar and somewhat reverse to each other. Morality plays a very important role in both of this play but still it defers from one another. Many people believe that Oedipus is an immoral person but it is not a debate immorality.Oedipus tragic fall, which later leads to tragedy was absolutely not his sin. He slays his biological father and marries to his biological mother. It is actually the height of immorality but at the time of committing this sin Oedipus was totally unaware about the reality. In short he is the immoral man by his predestined actions. The concept of morality is deliberate in Millers Death of Salesman. Here the hero of this play Willy Loman flouts all the rules of morality. He is charlatan, flirt and a liar. The lack of morality finds there in the Lomans family itself.He goes on deceiving his wife by keeping illicit relationship with another woman. He goes on deceiving his son and wife by making his put on image and by pretending to be an important person. They dont need me in New York. Im the New England man. Im vital in New England. (Act 1, Part 1, pg. 4, Death of Salesman) But it is an illusion. Pride is there in both Oedipus and Willy but pride of Oedipus is at least reliable unlike to that of Willy which is just a fake. The heroes of both of the plays have to pay a lot and both of them have suffered a lot due to the mistakes they have through either ignorantly or deliberately.Both Oedipus and Willy in the end succeed in getting the sympathy of the audience. I dont say hes a great man. Willy Loman never made a lot of money. His name was never in the paper. Hes not the finest character that ever lived. But hes a human being, and a terrible thing is happening to him. So attention must be paid. Hes not to be allowed to fall into his grave like an old dog. Attention, attention must be finally paid to such a person. (Act 1, Part 8, pg. 40) apart(predicate) from being an ordinary man Willy like Oedipus deserves the sympathy of the audience.
Wednesday, May 22, 2019
Critique on the Importance of Critical Thinking and Critical Writing in the Social Sciences Critical thinking is be as the most objective way to interpret, analyze, explain or evaluate a specific topic or conflict. An easy way to explain full of life thinking is as an intelligent way that settle intent in court to sentence people as guilty or innocent. The way pass judgments use critical thinking at court is by asking lawyers from both sides of the case to show him any(prenominal) factual exhibit they have so that he or she can take the best decision on the case.Basically the side who should win the case is the one that has sufficient evidences to prove to the judge whatever statement they argon making. There is no way a lawyer should win a case only by expressing his or her opinions before the judge that wouldnt be an objective way to try to win the case. Critical thinking is the most rational way to react to any matter. By victimisation critical thinking on a daily basis peo ple from any environment are able to take better decisions than by using any non-critical thinking method.For example when someone is offered drugs for a first time with the use of critical thinking that person can analyze whether to take it or not. The person can look at the advantages and disadvantages of taking the drug in order to make the best decision for him or her. A non-critical way of flavour at it would be if the person tries the drug only because he or she is offered. Basically to not think critically means to not make the use of intelligence to analyze or evaluate any matter before making a decision. In writing about a topic or conflict the use of critical thinking is very important in order to get the best conclusion possible.The first thing the writer looks for are what the two sides of the conflict are. There is no way someone can write a good paper if there is no factual evidence to support both sides of the conflict in order to make a conclusion. A good paper is based on evidence rather than unmingled subjective claims or opinions. A writer who gives pure opinions on a paper does not make the use of critical thinking to write it because in order to do so he or she needs to analyze evidences to support his or her conclusion about it.
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
How is chapter 5 significant to the clean as a all? The significance of chapter 5 to the sassy as a whole can be observed through the relevance of the carry throughrs use of language to expose the setting, character and what it shows more than or less social and historical influence of Frankenstein. Mary Shelley wrote and conceived of Frankenstein tour she and her husband Percy Shelley were visiting Lord Byron in Switzerland in June 1816. They had spent an evening around the fire telling detestation stories. By the support of her husband, she continued to win the story at the age of 19 and was nominateed in March 1818.Mary Shelley became one of the most famous authors by paper Frankenstein, one of the trounce works of gothic horror, unfortunately in the 19 century women were not credited well and did not have many rights. Mary Shelley could not publish the novel because she was a woman. Therefore, Mary Shelley published the novel under her husbands name Percy Shelley. M ary Shelley had indite the novel because in her past she had undergo many deaths in her family. All the circumstances in her life brought her to write Frankenstein, one of the worlds greatest horror novels.The idea of this book was to bring the dead spine to life and was a reflection of Mary Shelleys own life. Chapter 5 is written as an imperative chapter this is because in the novel the initiation is brought to life, first depict that, as the yellow eye of the animal opened his creator Victor Frankenstein flees into the streets in fear. Shelley shows descriptive features of Frankensteins monstrosity. i example from the text is shrivel up tint she uses descriptions uniform this in long sentences to create imagery in the contributors minds.In those times, people were very religious and Frankenstein was active resurrecting the dead binding to life. People were very strict religiously and became offended by novel and were utterly disgusted. Today scientists have proven a nd discovered a push-down store about humans and how the world was created so people have begun to believe in science. This novel is one of the most enduring works of gothic genre and compargond to the novels written today, they are not equivalent to Frankenstein. Chapter 5 is the briny part of the novel. This is hugely important to the story because this tells us Shelleys feelings and accomplishments.In those times, men were credited more than women were. Therefore, Mary Shelley do her main character as a male called Victor Frankenstein who is a doctor that studied natural philosophy. He is very ghost with science and particularly in bringing, the dead keep going to life more or lessthing man had never done before. Referring to the text, I work hard for nearly two years, for the doctor purpose of infusing life into an inanimate body, the regression Victor has of just resurrecting the dead is shown clearly and how much science is important to him.Victor continued and soak up ed to create a creature out of dead remains. He begins to create the creature as it says in the text I collected the instruments of life around me this shows us that Victor Frankenstein is trying to bring the monstrosity to life with his machinery. Another point that proves that he is beginning to give his ultimate design the gift of life is, I might infuse a spark into the life into the lifeless thing that lay at my feet, this proves that the creature Victor was trying to bring to life was however inactive and dead.In another part of the chapter it says I saw the dull yellow eye of the creature open this sentence is describing that the monster has been brought to life and is liveborn so the experiment was a success. Mary Shelley describes the atmosphere and introduces the opening of chapter 5 as it was on a dreary night of November and then follows with the rain pattered dismally against the panes. Both quotations suggest a dark, gloomy, gothic atmosphere and both quotes use pa thetic delusion. Mary also tells what time it is, by the dim yellow clean of the moon which proves that it is nighttime and gives an extra feature of gothic horror.Shelley shows that they didnt have any electricity in those times as they were using candle-light, as it says in the text by the glimmer of the half-extinguished light, which means that Victor was working very hard, late at night. These few points all refer to pathetic fallacy because it sets the atmosphere well, which improves the gothic setting, to make it more horrifying. These gothic features build up and make a bigger furbish up on the reader, which improves the storyline. Mary also uses long, multifactorial and descriptive sentences to describe Victor Frankenstein.She shows that Victor is worried when he creates the creature. By referring to the text it says unable to endure the aspect of the being I had created which means that he could not absorb the reality of the situation and that he felt regret and remor se at his invention. Shelley describes some of the monsters features, some examples are his shrivelled complexion and straight black lips, his teeth of pearly whiteness These features give a sounder image on how he was created, and the use of sentence structure and strong adjectives delivers this well.The reason why Shelley uses these techniques is to bring the gothic explanation to the reader in a more understandable form this is why Shelley used complex actors line like inanimate and endeavoured, The use of strong wording tie ins the story together by making it more understandable. Shelley describes the creature with powerful adjectives she uses row like convulsive and demoniacal this gives the reader a clearer picture, which adds on to the readers imagination. When the monster is created, Victor Frankenstein rejects his creation.Shelley has written I took refuge in the courtyard belonging to the house which I had inhabited, Victor was very disappointed because he did not know how to teach his monster, was worried about what people would say to him. Therefore, Victor creaky his creation and ran into the streets. This shows that it had a great effect on Victor Frankenstein, referring to the text, it says I escaped, and rushed down the stairs, this explains how he didnt approve after he had created the monster as he realised that he had created something that would shock thousands of people.He would also need to care for it like a boor. As Victor rejected his creation, he left it vulnerable against everything. At one point in the novel it describes Victors creation has awakened and is trying to speak. He muttered some wordless sounds, this proves that the monster cannot speak but is trying to communicate as the creation is a new born and thinks Victor as his parent. The monster picks upon speech very fast and is able to communicate with his creator who he finds by reading Victors diary.Frankenstein was written for intelligent readers because the ideas a nd the words used would have a bigger impact on them, as well as challenging ones imagination. Shelley made it clear by adding this line to the novel anxiety that almost amounted to anguish, this adds alliteration for emphasis and proves that Frankenstein is a very worried man. Frankenstein is upset and confused about what he has just done. We learn about this when Frankenstein says how can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, this proves to us that his obsession has paved over and he has finally realised hat sort of monstrosity he has created the consequences of his actions are great. He then becomes afraid when he sleeps, he starts to fear for his life and his family. Mary makes it clear that he is troubled in his sleep by adding this line to the novel I started from my sleep with horror. Frankenstein is so worried about himself and his family that he gets nightmares he left his creation to comport. This leaves Victor frightened that the creature is going to go on him an d take his revenge. Before becoming afraid for his own life, he was so tired that he threw himself into his bed in his clothes this implies that he was weary.Frankenstein is also a very pessimistic man. He is confused. His feelings are confusing him after he creates the monster. Throughout chapter five Frankenstein feels and says that he is filled with calm and serene joy. At the start of the chapter, Frankensteins feelings were unhappy, but towards the end of the chapter, he is happy until he became ill. When Frankenstein became ill, his friend Henry Clerval helped him regain full health once again. Chapter 5 tells us about how Frankenstein feels and acts this gives a completely better picture of the character, Dr Frankenstein.Mary Shelley at such a young age used pathetic fallacy really well in this novel. At the start of chapter five, she sets the scene up as dark, gloomy and wet. This adds to the bad atmosphere. Dark and gloomy are words that are added to create a sour atmosphe re. Most people prefer sunny days to dark and gloomy days. This shows us that even within the first paragraph of the chapter the bad atmosphere is already being set. As well as being able to set bad atmosphere, Shelley can also make the atmosphere happy and joyous. Shelley used words such as unable to contain myself.This suggests that Shelley was a competent writer because she had experienced death and joy in her life. This helped her to use descriptive language like, a convulsive motion agitated its limbs this quote is not a very joyous sentence but has a macabre tone, which makes the gothic horror creepy. Shelley also quickly changed the atmosphere all of a sudden she rapidly changed it from Frankenstein being worried to being relieved. Shelley created the novel on her point of view based on her life, as in the text it proves that she wrote the novel on herself or a first person.If it was written on a third, persons point of view, it may be written as a cold dew covered his foreh ead which you can tell is more made up than real. This means that it is better to write as first person because it makes more sense and sounds more believable. When he had created the creature the text says I beheld the accomplishment of my toils this shows us that he was very regal of his creation until it came to mind that he had done a very bad thing and could not proceed any further he would have to dissect the being he had created.Chapter 5 tells us how hard Victor Frankenstein has worked to create the creature it is written I had deprived myself of rest and health. This tells us that he did not have even a little break until he had created the creature and shows us his enthusiasm he is determined to finish and create the monster. He precious to prove that it was possible to bring the dead back to life. As Frankenstein is giving life to the creature, it says, I had gazed on him while unfinished this means that as he took one last look at the monster he was unaware of any prob lems to come.This tells us that you could already see how obsessed and blinded he was, that he did not consider the consequences he would have to face. Frankenstein is caught up in his feelings not caring at all for what he had created and selfishly leaves his creation to suffer. Frankenstein leaves the monster alone, which is classed as terrible parenting in society. Chapter five is when the monster gets the gift of life just like a baby. When a parent leaves his or her child, it is regarded as mistreatment. The main thing that parents do with their children, which Frankenstein did not, is to educate him.They need to teach them how to live to get through life smoothly, to be civilised, and they should be taught the laws of society that you must abide by. Frankenstein did not teach the creature this, so the creature took it upon himself to kill his creators family in a fit of childish revenge. Frankenstein brings the creature to life, and then the creature massacres his family this links in with the obsession theme. The monster was disliked and ignored by everyone. The creation is rejected, and as he is very intelligent, he hides in a house.In that house a child is learning from her father and is being taught how to read, write, and speak the monster learns how to communicate and confronts Frankenstein. Victor cannot tolerate him, as he is frightened and cannot confront it because he had left it to suffer and die. There are many descriptive features of Victors creation. When the monster is brought back to life, Shelley illustrates it as, a convulsive motion agitated his limbs this means that the monster made his first movement and has been given life.Frankenstein escaped and was regretful of his actions, so became seriously depressed. This is another point that proves that Frankenstein is based on her own life. There is a link between Frankenstein and Mary Shelley Shelley is hugely obsessed in writing her story which she dreamt about at night, this appeared t o her as she had many deaths in her family. This shows us why she valued to write her story and how it was extremely important to her. On the other hand Frankenstein is obsessed in resurrecting the dead back to life.This shows us that Mary Shelley and Victor Frankenstein are closely equivalent to each other as they had the same desires in resurrecting the dead back to life. Chapter 5 is hugely important to the novel because it is when the monster awakens this is when the insurmountable happens and it has an impact on the the readers, as there is suspense. In addition, more importantly, the notion of bringing the dead to life reflects Shelleys own despair and the circumstances that overcame her during her life. Her mother died ten days after Mary Shelley was born.Her husband also drowned. All the religious people were shocked and disgusted because she had written against their religion by writing on the topic of resurrection. On the other hand, she had written something so unique t hat people admired her for her achievement. Mary had written one of the greatest gothic horror stories in history, leaving people inspired by her work. The novel presented readers with the incredible images of creation and death. There are many key points that link up chapter 5. One point is obsession.In the text it says, I had desired it with an ardour that far exceeded moderation this is one of the most important facts about Victors passion in creating the creature he knew that this was something that will shock the world and he wished to be the first to succeed in resurrecting a being. Chapter 5 is about Frankenstein being so obsessed, he does not know how repulsive the creature will be. His obsession backfires on his family and friends who fell foul of the creature. This implies that this is a key point contributing immensely to the novel.The concepts of birth and death also run throughout the novel. In chapter 5, Frankenstein is giving life to the creature. Frankenstein behaved wrongly as a parent to his creation he abandoned it. Regardless how ugly or deformed your child is, a parent should love it and give it protection. Frankenstein acted atrociously he condemned his own creation. In the 19th Century, scientists wanted to bring people back to life. Some scientists managed to revive some dead tissue this is the furthest anyone got to revive the dead.Mary Shelley interpreted it into her novel this shows her awareness of live affairs and scientific thinking. Mary Shelley interpreted this in a different way though Frankenstein did not bring a particular person back to life, but he added different body parts from different dead people to make a creature. Frankenstein made the creature against the laws of nature, so he reaped the consequences. Overall, I have learned about how Mary Shelley used gothic horror and how she used long descriptive sentences to have a bigger effect on the reader.I have also learned how bad parenting can affect the minds of people psychologically. In addition, I have observed how effectively she describes a monster, and stimulates the readers imagination. I can see how she uses pathetic fallacy, which uses the atmosphere to make the mood and creates the genre of the story. I have observed how Shelley bases the novel on a first person, so she will be talking about herself, which will be effective at connecting the reader with Dr Frankensteins experiences.Also, the problems and grief that Mary Shelley experienced in her life is evident through the storyline this makes it a more personal account. I have learned how important chapter 5 is to the novel as it is directly pointing at the life of Mary. I can see how she describes the creature visually, by giving long, descriptive features e. g. his hair, his eyes and his lips. She gives so much detail about the creature that you can even relate to the state Victor Frankenstein is in after he creates the monster and how he reacted to it.In the text, it tells us e. g. , how long he worked, why he worked and what he was doing it for. Automatically it brings imagery in to your head and gives a brief image on how he would have looked. By Frankenstein being intensely horrified, he and the public reject the monster and it is chased out of the community. This shows that people were not tolerant of differences or bizarre people in society. Therefore, the creature is unable to endure its phase of life, and feels rage towards the one person who should have cared for him.The creature felt betrayed and sought revenge. I now understand the message of this novel Shelley is actually warning the readers to consider their actions and the consequences on others. If you do wrong to someone, you will eventually regret it, as you will face punishment in some way or another. Frankenstein was a good novel for its time by studying chapter 5, I have learnt that 19th century life was a lot different to mine. This novel is very captivating and moving, considering when it was written, and the ethics behind it.
Monday, May 20, 2019
in allen Ginsberg was born into neighborly confusion. He was jewish, gay, and his develop was a communist. further come forwardside of this, he was also birthed within a coevals that w entirelyowed in chaos, both mor on the wholey and emotionally. Before them had come the Industrial Revolution, which had begun the murder of unity or haleness in American high society assembly traces and the breakdown of the workplace into distinct and separable parts had unconnected both the individual and the family. Yet it was the bomb that truly brought the deafening crush on American psycha, minimalizing robotic querys and be approach the offshoot true t shuttinger leap in the intelligent go outing of how to control and bring to pass the environment (Henrikson xi).However, to Ginsberg and others, nothing was closer to the anti thesis of the concept of sympathetic. Their p bents had numbed themselves in order to adapt to the clinical depression and two world wars, forcing them to rationalize the reality of post-war America with apathy and spouserialism and the empty values of consumerism. Ginsberg refused to confide this was the way of the world and began to write or so a new propagation who had p tied new definitions in place of overaged notions that no largeer applied. He and other writers began aTo Allen Ginsberg, the problem was that in society the existence of the individual in isolation was naturally more real than society in general, as collective society has an awesome control over quite a little that transcends their individual wills. (Merril 3) The bomb then was a symbol of this control, essentially bounding people to a future under fear, under which they would strip themselves of their purely hu gay emotions in order to cope with the day. In a world where mainstream television told you how to be and Mcarthyism told you what not to be, Ginsberg believed the individuals l i(prenominal) answer was only looking inwards hotshotself where they couldnt reach with the boundaries of externals (Wooley). His come along would be on a spiritual quest, entirely to embark on it they would need a new religion for a new day modern religion could no longer do as good and evil and evil seemed increasingly inadequate in a world of recognition fiction turned detail (Ziegler 172).The check so found their religion in back breaker Buddhism for one central reason both sides of good and evil were polish off ind in oneness for the individual in the surmise where spontaneous flashes of images and sights might come ( Merill 7). In this religion, nothing the human creation was thirstd to perform could be revile as what was right was instinctual and natural. To sustain their humanity in a world gone gruesome, man had to embrace every emotion he felt as exploiting these notes..led them to new levels of truth (Merill 2). This was the concept of the ying and the yang victorious on all forces no matter how panicked or manic in cohe rence with nature.It is in this contingent religious ideology and other forms of manifest verbal attacks that creditize Ginsbergs starting time ac screwledged work, thunder. The study of the book leaves no arcanum to why it became so controversial Ginsberg refuses to deny any schema of mentation, more or less noticeably in the wakeuality department. If had he had censo wild these thoughts, it would have equated to admitting that sexual behavior was unhealthy and paranormal this expression was the denial of shame itself and represented the embrace of his large humanity (Merill 2). But to truly understand the work, one has to figure themselves in the context of the Six Gallery group of San Francisco poets it was performed before, as its recitation was the first of umpteen performances that would notwithstandingtually make Ginsberg largely responsibible for the movement of the poet from the printed page to the reading halls (Schumaker 635).One must imagine the situation , because it is in the visual that one can get the feeling of it , of the beat of the music, of the beat of the scene, of the extrusion chests and rising spirits of culture surviving despite the presence of an oppressive national political environment (Schumaker 214). The inclination can only be fully set if the voice of Ginsberg is imagined in a somewhat nervous tone, unsure of the response he will garner as he exalts the individual and their inherent dominance for goodness outside of the society , saying Holy The soul is holy The fell is holy The clapper and cock and hand and asshole holy Everything is holy The boos, hisses,claps of the crowd must be invoked upon the introduction the immortal of cobblers oddment cognize as Moloch who is a direct melodic phrase to the pure human existence (Schumaker 217)The jitteriness and dread should be present alongside his description Mind of pure machinery..whose prodigal is running money..whose fingers be ten armies..whose ear is a smoking tomb.demonic industries..granite cocksmonstrous bombs Moloch is responsible for taking away the instincts of the people that would bring them happiness as he bashed open their skulls and ate up their brains and imagination (Henrikson ). Yet among this attribute of conflict, the presentation of unity and said(prenominal) one-ness of Zen can be seen in Ginsbergs portrayal of starry-eyed youth and its convergence with drugs and various arrays of emotions. Words ar infused with the surge of the crowd as there are the angelheaded hipsters enthusiastic for the ancient heavenly connection to the starry dynamo in the night, similar to a lost battalion of platonic conversationalists jumping..off windowsills off Empire State, and equal to those who vanished into nowhere Zen freshly Jersey loning it through the streets of Idaho seeking visionary Indian angels.These descriptions exalt the individual who absorbs his uncertainty and doubt and lets it take him anywhere in his hunt for spirituality, in an ethereal surreal showing of human worth depict in a gritty confessional style latent with acid tripped tongues between lips and roses on the ends of declarations. They also have sex no form, as Ginsberg says each is a breath, a flurry of emotion representative the human exhaling against conventional society and its brutal and constraining tendencies as represented through Moloch (Merill 23) Ginsberg essentially takes the amalgamation of drugs, obscenity, explicit sexual imagery and hysterical/naked tendencies of his people and compares them to the oblique characteristics of Moloch and the boys sobbing in armies by his side, bulky the resemblings of red revolution but subverted to a nationalistic mantra, cut like concrete on warm warring flesh wishing they could feel like the battleground if it had a call fortbeat with organs cut away at three crosses to celebrate the mythic religion when Jesus the baby birthed in love consideration and carnal compass ion was felt by his mother of the two, the blatant and overt obscenities of the steel machine were much more Frankenstein-esque in offensiveness and horror than the words of the skin, of frantic nude resists laced like bluesy Saturday night agony tunes.To bring America to this reality, Ginsberg uses the painful recognition of seeing the best minds of his condemnation .. destruct by madness, emblematic of his lover Carl Solomon being institutionalized after suffering from the noxious consumerist tones of thermonuclear America (Schumaker 208). Taking all of madness in within himself, the poet summarizes his response to all of this with the single aviation FUCK AMERICA AND ATOM BOMB. It is symbolic of his overall explicit nature in protest, such as his later numbers which boasted of cocksucking in drive of French cathedrals and standing out in soft French scenes penning Death to Van Ghohs Ear (Campbell NUMBER). Ginsberg not only felt this came naturally but felt it was as the new necessity. America needed to be shocked in order to be allured to these works or poetry, which went deeper than blatant sexuality emotion energy sex love mysticism were all on the same plane of internal mental thought.Avant garde disp model was now the means to the end of snapping sultrily the industrialized human machine, over-fixated on temporary addiction to a set of materialistic values that came with whipping caved in at the ends of s unconstipatedteen year old love letters where the line of reasoning started to run in the rain and the words and planetary houseatures were incomprehensible but the dog tags shined like Sunday morning breakfasts baked in sweet bread and kisses from Grandpa Cookie.It was this unconventional fragmented style of verse that caused mothers to cry when kids read about independence and a world not burgeoning with the moral and physical suicides of a thousand possibilities in a nuclear haze. Theyd imagine such lines would be a threat to a child, who might bring forth like Dylan acid trip epics with Quinny dosing and skys opening for brief seconds where you can taste and feel it, the thing that makes us mad and burn burn burn with hope at the edge of tongues (Dylan)(Kerouac ). Folk heroes published that children would puzzle beyond their command, the command of authority figures etched in the physical and moral apathy of the bomb. flock were listening.With Howl, Ginsberg set down a formula for later protest songs from the likes of Joan Baez the obscenities of the state should be followed by the insubordinate and instinctual emotional reactions of the individual. Such muses from the heart and mind about the existence of the new sort of rain coming down and the boy who disappeared in it could be easily invoked in the depths of the subconscious stalled in meditation. As poet Michael Mcclure tell after Howls first recitation, none of us precious to go back to the gray, chill, militaristic silence-to the land without poetr y-to the spiritual drabness (Schumaker 215).The apoclypic visions of Ginsbergs The Fall of America and the America that LOOKED FROM ITS GRAVEwere all that lay behind, seen in the find out of Dylan when he too speaks about the end. Blowin in the Wind used lines like How many years can a mountain exist before its washed to the sea mend The times are a changin versed conclusions like Admit that the waters around you have handsome and accepit it that soon youll be drenched to the bone. Ginsberg and the beat were aware of this point of no go along, a mad run from the end that could come at any time (Schumaker 215) They were asking for the desperation, for the land in front of the setting sun was the only direction they needed to goHowever, the land had heavy industry walls of red white and blue to block the spread of this so called disease of internal and moral freedom. These obstacles had mouths running with blood crossed with eyes of pristine clandestine censorship to protect the i mpressionable youth of the next generation from being swallowed by hysterics, as it needed their limbs to fight the great world wars in the bowels of death and end that reigned with every passing sunset in the East and in the West. This hypocrisy was essentially what brought Ginsberg into full mature politics, while others like Kerouac drew the line at the beat representing only self sufficiency and freedom from moral interference (Schumaker 180). Much of this can be due to the inherent political struggles he found in getting his work into the public sphere.When Howl was about to be released for the second time, they arrested a forbid assistant at City lights for peddling literature likely to corrupt juveniles, and also arrested Ferlinghetti for publishing it. (Campbell193). Ginsberg therefore was one of the first writers to be constantly backed by the ACLU in open showdowns against what was and was not repulsive(a), not only during Howl but later in the group publication of the drugged up Big Table 1 (Schumaker 255 , 317). To Ginsberg, this might have been a sign of the government trying to quell the influence of writing that would inflame the masses, similar to the repression of the ideas of the Burgeois revolution through strong state centers in the drab France of the 19th century.But what was more was that the prophetic frenetic man truism lunacy in the circumstance that the artist was releasing pure human instincts in his musing, feelings which although pure, had to be recited in bland grave like versions such as the censored is holy (Schumaker 254). His work Kaddish, a trying poem about the death of his mother, was an explanation of this affront . Listening to Ray Charles blues shout blind on the phonograph , Ginsberg praises the capacity of Charles to withstand uncontrollable agony by keeping within the limits of structured rhthm.Replacing censored with skin in Howl severely hampered the rhthm of the piece, as missing one part of a language of he artbeats and paranoia incased in syllables was like losing a leg in the moral internal marathon such a gaping wound could lead to a loss of the entire feeling of the poem. Without the unity, the one-ness, the recited work could not originate the same flash of imagery and light that had occurred, similar to Kerouacs sight of a woman that reminds him of his mother frozen with ecstasy on the sidewalk..a complete step across chronological time into timeless shadows (Kerouac 172). These estatic moments were what make the spiritual search worthwhile and kids of the mystical mad madden thoroughfare hoped that when their moment came, all of these prior moments of light would converge.POPULUSIST ADD HERENow forceably emersed in the political scene, Ginsberg delved further into politics with his war against the byproducts of age of hate that could not be vanquished with napalm. Particular awareness should be given to his use of blatant compare to evoke irrepressible feeling. In inferna l regionnian Ode, he draws a parallel between the mythological Pluto and the destructive power of the element that received its name from the God. (Schumaker 629). Lines such as I daring your Reality..I turn the wheel of Mind on your three hundred tons..My oratory advances on your vaulted mystery are the polar anti-thesies of the beauty of the sparrows waked whistling through marine Streets summer jet leafed trees. Protesting such atrocities of nature by nature by meditating on train tracks bound to throw overboard nuclear material, the recitation of Plutonium Ode would be needed inas his defense, adding parts to it spontaneously like breathing unruffled Prisoners, witnesses, Police- the stenographer yawns into her palms Sunflower Sutra is very much the same, written he was traveling with Kerouac and viewed a sunflower which was being afflicted with the waste that came as trains passed, its wheels unaware of the indignity it offered the poor flower (Schumaker 632).The subsequent telephone line he multicolour was versed in the lines were not our skin of grime, were not a dread shady dusty imageless locomotive, were all beautiful golden sunflowers. In this description, Ginsberg felt like he was taking up the whitemanesque celebration of becoming America through telling a lucid moment which could consent to a majority of Americans. Dylan picked this up better than anyone, evident in his verses describing a young child beside a dead pony and thewhite man who walked a corrosive dog in The Times.. Even keener contrast appears when he muses I change my no pets allowed sign to a home sweet home sign and wonder why I havent any friends (Dylan) This social conscious and use of contrast gave the poet singer the whitmanesqueI am America perspective where he could speak for men who werent slit down of his own color. Hurricane was the epitome of this,Sunflower SutraVoice represents the spirits, if not actual experiences, of his readers. It occurs to me I am Ameri ca 219 even though un Americanwhitmanesque celebration of self gone to seed and suffering the indignity of the discarded refusethey came upon an old, beat-up sunflower, grimy from the passing trainswere not our skin of grime, were not a dread knifelike dusty imageless locomotive, were all beautiful golden sunflowersGinsberg had given the ideology of protest in Howl with natural offense against the grisly gashed abuses of the state covered in gauze and dead presidents. He had undergo the machinations of the war nation as nymphetic Greek realities which varied in degrees of apocalyptic reckoning undergone in hazy highs under hallowed homages hallucinating of American populistic deities of Whitman-esque form invoked under the beauty of the common land . However, it was gob Kerouac and On The Road who exposed suburban insanity on the edge of skinless pointless existences and the consequent worshipping of the road that took one away from those invisible developments and commuter fath ers. It follows the base set by Ginsberg, as its focal character Sal Paradise set off through America as he had this feeling that everything was dead. (Kerouac 2)In addition, Zen and its absorption of uncertainty and an array of incomprehensible feelings appear throughout the book. But like Ginsberg, Kerouac implies that these adjectives can only be positive. The insanity that comes from living on the road is a saving prescence, and the more Sal embraces it with his road mate doyen Moriarity the more the spirit is uplifited with its access to the wonderment and wildness of tone (Henrikson 176). In contrast, a return to Times Square reveals a people that are grabbing, taking,giving,sighting,dying, reflective of the futility of American behavior during the American time, as the heart was traded over in exchange for monotonous complacency with steel hands and sultry scents of capitalist economys carnival.To react to such a scene of such pre-planned monotony, Kerouac wrote in a style known as spontaneous prose which entailed descriptions of long line. It was based on images that were observed and the subsequent recording of sounds and emotions related to that moment, all unleashed in the spirit of a honest confessional that acknowledged every thought without censor, in the vein of Ginsberg and Howl. A perfect example is seen in Dylans novel Tarantula, in the lines jack of spades vivaldi of the coin laundry corrosion a hipsters dictionary and it is 531-the rain sounds like a pencil sharpener (Dylan).Each line epitomized the crazed memory of the sounds of be-bop and issue like a man blowing a phrase on his sax till he runs out of breath , and would be without consciousness, flowing with images until final revelation of enervation brought an end (Merill 45).The energy that is given off by each soul-seeking line therefore seems like comme il faut to hold back the worlds onrushing moral and human decay (Henrikson 176). Alliteration was a staple fibre of Kerouac , and many credit him with its creation and see it reflected in Dylans A Hard Rains A-Gonan Fall, although the instinct to put words together like a black branch with blood ,seven sad forests and a dozen dead oceans seems like a natural inherent impulse in litearature. ( However, like the nature of the verse, sustaining such a crazed personally analytical lifestyle requires the committal to constant moving, embodied in the way Kerouac would shout Go when Allen would read his poetry (Schumaker 215).With pauses in life or writing, there would be a pause in the search for spirituality of it, or as Dean says, the journey to the magic land at the end of the road (Kerouac NUMBER). This is all reflected in the last chapters at the end of the road in Mexico revealing the hauting images of shawled Indians watching us from under hatbrims and rebozos who didnt know that a bomb had come that could crack all our bridges (Kerouac number The road had come to an end for now and therefore the reali ty of life was in that image stark naked Indian old mystic land, rooted in the emptiness of mans new capabilities over the days where mystics howled at the skies dancing with red faced godsFundamental Paradox of Buddhsm All experience is essentially emptiness that purity and absence are one. (Foster 62).To collaborate on this political and literary endeavor, the icon of Bob Dylan entered Ginsbergs life, a man who had already been heavily influenced by the put off. The sept hero had the world revealed to him during Howl, but this latent influence was only spawned to action when Dylan first read Kerouacs Mexico City Blues.The long line outpouring of feeling based on flashing images and spontaneous events caused Dylan to drop out of school as it was the first poetry that really spoke to him in a natural purely Earthly sense. CITATION The musician saw this same spontaneity in Ginsberg when he viewed his improvisational poetry, which was like working without a net and releasing the cra zed random feelings he felt from the public and the atmosphere in words (Schumaker 555) . Dylan was enthralled by the process, one that he had obviously attempted in order to assume a rough-edged, made up on the spot feeling on his albums. (Schumaker 555) the next monthsEventually, beat politics came to the same point which had threatened aunty Molly Jackson and the coal miners un-American ideas were associated with red. Beatnik was a play of words off of the unpatriotic notion of the RussianSputnik, while the beat generation film by MGM boasted of a rapist on the run for a main character (Schumaker 6. Even worse was a ploy off of was a play Being out there and unloyal to America, Beatnik was a ploy off of the Russian wonder Sputnik. Even worse was the false consciousness of hip which plagued Kerouac the more he heard words like crazy and wigged in scenes as if people thought the repetition of them could bring out the suntan burning burning (Campbell 246).Vexner said the culture o f dissent was a hot commodity, as if the Beat were selling the idea of sex and anarchy to a world that was starving for it. CITATION Like microphone Seeger and the Lost City Ramblers, Kerouac and the beat needed to re-examine their roots and tried to analyze what and who it meant to be beat, ignoring all mutated concepts of the beatnik and its subverted image. However, Kerouac one day hated them colllectively, but switched his position come next morn, where he was confessing he loved them only to come to the conclusion when asked again that he was becoming paranoid (Campbell 250). Yet in this critique of themselves the Beat forgot to analyze a few elements that had made their image easy to exploit.The first is that when they were called to moan for man, few realized the energy it took to keep up such a lifestyle. The fact that they pose no answers to an incalcitrent society outside of this bewailing of emptiness and internal discovery made their journey a disjointed and dismembered one the beats endless internal revolution during crazed trips in On the Road only lead back to conformist society with the fruition of the death of America in the unrelenting mystic Indian scene Dean and Sal experience. circular. All of the hope of the convergence of all of those aforementioned estatic moment where everything rushed forward was cut off slashed at the knees like Vietnam massacres upon the lack of the realization of it. Depending again on these personal distortions to lead them back to estatic moments, the Beat almost relied too much on the self.Their feeling that their prose was a superior form of nature really did spark a level of narcissim that reflected poorly. Kerouacs mantra became youre always genious, proclaiming lofty phrases such as Once God moves the hand, to move back and fiat is a sin (Schumaker 261). What he had forgotten was that PURITY YADDA, and that eventually the emphasis on him dependable swallowed the man in the desperation for drink in Satori and his search for a relative (literally any relative) demonstrated the death of the man that constantly depended on the hysterics of the situation (Merill 77). Ginsberg on the other hand had tendencies to create poetry where everything would be contained in the vertical figure I which would lead to statements such as I want to be known as the most brilliant man in America. 261, 262 The fragmented style of poetry that ring on apocalyptic knowledge was just too much for some, even too much for Ginsberg himself who was drop of being Allen Ginsberg (Campbell 192).Many who could not connect with this age or this feeling wondered what gave these men the right to proclaim themselves as phrophets or holy maniacs when all they did was speak in a version of English that they thought was superior in its absence of the comma. Few realized that the backlash against grammar was due to the fact that the period destroyed the delicate rhythm of works like Kaddish , which would cause one to spir al back to the boundless agony that the perfect balance of poetry embraced. Like Dylan says , some were like D.A.R woman who flies off the handle. looks at jack. says in some places youd be arrested for obscenity she doesnt een hear the band..she falls down a sidewalk crack (Dylan ) If one couldnt embrace the beat of the scene, the crazy wigged out mantra which located the path of the man, then theyd never know. Theyd point out the beards and the bodies spread across mattresses on each other and the heroin needles and the staircase of marijuana smoke that supposedly led these gloats to higher realization.In Dylans movie Renaldo and Clara, Ginsberg is representative of the father and Dylan the son. It is a relationship of giving and taking between the folk hero and the beat, a representation of what Ginsberg and Kerouac did for Americana. brought Dylan took in the outpouring of words and feeling and exposure of the full heart that caused him to quit school in a spontaneous moment. H e acquired Kerouacs class consciousness GO BACK and the love for the capture of gawky awkward beauty of the individual eccentric citizen like Dean Moriarity in words and in American travels, reflected in words such as the the motorcycle black Madonna two-wheeled gypsy queen and her silver studded phantom lover he writes about. The protest inherent in Howl is taken into his soul, alongside the absorbtion and reflection of various unexplainable feelings in an unexplainable time. However, he essentially adds an extension to the beat movement, removing the aspects of the beat that confused many parts of society who were however too numbed to come to grips with these bearded men.Songs like Blowin in the Wind took Ginsbergs art of contrast and brought it full circle these protest songs leaned more towards the finding of the ultimate answer. Other pieces like Hurricane evoke images from NAME DO THIS SHIT TOMORROW. However, Dylan sounds more like every man in Hurricane , like the every voi ce of slam Paul and Mary, because of his humbleness and reluctance to put himself above the common man, something the beat had trouble doing feeling they had noble potential to change the face of thinking in itself. In every sense Dylan is the beat, from his wild descriptions of jazz and hitch hiking in his novel Tarantula to his manic performances thriving off of the emotions of the environment to his celebration of drugs sex and wild wanderings of youth. The spot where Dylan and Kerouac left off, frenzied and genius and incomprehensible to those who could not get it, was the place Dylan took up.The mouth word long line tradition and ithat Ginsberg could only cross halfway across the gap was bridged by Dylan, with memories of Kerouacs inspiring prose driving him. The Zen of it all , of all the nuclear protest, all the civil liberty, all the cries for a sympathetic America become one with the combination of these three. Their memory is like a burning mystic sign that has no form, only emotion, bright enough to reinvigprate the young masses in every generation to the crazed motion and the crazed search and the frenetic fraticness of the freedom of sensuality with the keenness and snack of political reality like a goddamn shard that cuts us at the arm just to prove we still bleed . As long as it burns, the land will breath even under the lack of life in the H-bomb oxygen starved skinny era.As long as it burns, the hills will rise and fall with the pure schitzophrenic sanity of the wind, an echo that just whispers search on the end of our hope stricken ears against the fear ridden nuclear wet dreams of bodies sexed and eyes hallucinating get at and the fallout of a demoralized Patriot and its Acts of jingoistic nuclear tendencies. When Dylan said Ginsberg needed to get out on the open road of the tour to wake up America, he meant that he wanted his spirit to ride through the skeletal suburbs warning the kids of the atrociousness and callousness stalking the land. I hear his voice and and see their protest so well, like Blood writ in Blood, haunting my daytime dreams with hazy invocations of what we truly can be. Knowing that there is a generation who also feels the same burning in the center of the heart gives me strands of hope that somehow we can overcome the same inhumanity in this age of faceless terrorism that shows no distinction between America and the West. With a tear off the edge of the holy cheek, emblematic of the disunity of our feelings, these men push through our insides to assure us these expressions are what will take us whole.POPULUSIST EDGE OF FOLKTATPRETTY FLOWER POETRYWorks CitedCampbell, James. This Is The Beat generation London Secker and Warburg, 1999.Henrikson, Margot A. Dr. Strangeloves America Los Angeles University of California Press, 1997.Merill, Thomas F. Allen Ginsberg Boston Twayne Publishers, 1998.Schumaker, Michael. Dharma Lion New York St. Martins Press, 1992.All enamoured with some aspects of t he drug culture , labeled as family haters and communist hippies and , the movement began to waver at the end parallel with a lot of the demise of rock stars when coming under controversy and round down by mainstream America. Kerouac became a drunk high off his own lines and Ginsberg moved onto relatively less victorious social scenes in rock and roll and the clash.
Sunday, May 19, 2019
This article focuses on the orbiculateization of finis and the role of media in the ensuing identity crisis (both individual and social) departing from this process. The article tries to display the basic concept of the process of globoseisation with all of its effects, threats, challengesand opportunities and pass on illustrate its interaction with the media in developing countries. The essay will show that the main components of government agency structure in todays world can be linked to these twain costless processes globalisation and the information era.The interaction between these two phenomena has changed the quality of communications which, in turn, is creating new individualized and social identities (personification and personifying). According to survey results, it is clear that in societies which are not efficient in reinforcing and change their communication infrastructures and which are unable to compete with the new methods of communication and informatio n exchange, identity formation gains political, stinting and ethnicly adverse and asserts an unrepairable damage. In conclusion, the article tries to present whatsoever proposals for developing countries media as the active participant of this era and offers ways to deal with the unavoidable process of globalisation and identity crisis. internationalization, the New PhenomenonGlobalization, which also has been called global construction, global orientation and global magnification by various trails of thought, is the latest phase process in an old process rooted in the expansion of modern capitalism and encompassing the political, economic and ethnic realms worldwide. Modern capitalism that first emerged in the sixteenth century is a far more Byzantine phenomenon embracing a broader economic spectrum and a more detailed definition than the concept of common market. Thus, some experts view it as contraction and condensation at the global scale coupled with ever-increasing expansion of whiz (Robertson, 1992, p. 8).Many have expressed different and even contradictory definitions of globalization in their discussions over the aside few years. According to British sociologist Anthony Giddens, some social sectors are utterly pessimistic about globalization and reject it in its entirety. On the former(a) hand, there are those who perceive globalization as an unquestionable reality with profound and inevitable consequences.Yet there are others, who are generally referred to as Global Expansionists. They view globalization as an inescapable development developing ever-increasing momentum due to the intensification of global interactions and the wane importance of national boundaries. They believe that national economies, grows and policies will integrate into a global network and that local and national authority and hence dominance will diminish in favor of a consistent global economy and civilisation (Held, 2000).On the other side of the spectrum , there are opposing arguments against the virtues of globalization. Giddens (1999b) refers to them as the pessimists, and they embroil a gamut of those from the traditionalists to those challenging the dominance of capitalism. They perceive globalization as synonymous to westernization and Americanization. They even include the environmentalists.This school of thought argues that globalization will create a world of winners and losers along with the global triumph and economic domination of specific political groups, especially in the wealthy nations like the U.S. These groups are upstanding enough to resist any pressures to alter the new world-order and could impose their desires and goals as global agendas and work plans. The promoters of this school of thought point out to the waningof national sovereignty and local identity and the eventual prevalence of inequality and injustice in the world (Rupert, 2000).Meanwhile, some dispute the idea of the global village introduced by Marshall McLuhan and envision more of a global pillaging for the underdeveloped countries (Held, 2000, p. 25). There are other theoreticians who dispute this widely held view. For example, Giddens challenges this prospect and believes that the wealthy should not be blamed for all the negative aspects of this phenomenon, which rattling is to some extent very similar to the westernization process. However, globalization is becoming ever-increasingly decentralized and thus it is not dominated by a certain group of countries or multinational companies. Even the western countries are be unnatural by this new trend. There is increasing evidence of Inverted Colonialism. Inverted Colonialism could be specify as the impact of non-western countries on the development of western culture and economy (Giddens, 1999a). According to Giddens not merely is globalization a novel experience, it is a revolutionary phenomenon. In addition to its economic consequences, its political, technological and cultural impact can not be underestimated. More than anything, globalization is influenced by the advancement of communication systems.In the middle of these two extreme positions, there is a third opinion, which is called transmogrifyationalism. This perspective gives limited importance to globalization and emphasizes the significance of national and local institutions (Mirabedini, 2001, p. 147). This third view does not condemn the whole of globalization and praises its confirmative aspects. These scholars note that although globalization imposes a great deal of pressure on local economies and cultures, it is possible to transform this threat into an opportunity, thereby resisting being conquered by it.Based on this viewpoint, the leaders of the world would support the belief of democratization of global institutions and nations could play a decisive role in the policymaking process under the fashion model of the new world order and solidify their territorial rights and l egitimacy (Held, 2000). The acceptance of this notion is reflected in the chemical reaction of former French Premier Leonel Jospin on the affair of Frances national identity in the globalization process. He said, We will do our best to make globalization an internal and endemic process in compliance and harmony with our way of life.He argued that The course this globalization process takes will depend on the action we take in relation to it, because although globalization is a fact, it is not an end in itself. We mustiness bring it under control if we are to enjoy its benefits and prevent its negative aspects (Jospin, 2001). It can thus be concluded that the present range of opinions on globalization, differs from the definition of capital expansion of the 16th century. In this sense it is a new concept based on the ever-increasing time-space compression and the enhancement of public knowledge and knowingness due to the profound alteration in communication systems and its immense impact on economic, political and cultural trends.It can be stated fairly that Globalization is a complex phenomenon, marked by two opposing forces. On the one hand, it is characterized by massive economic expansion and technological innovation. On the other hand, there is increased inequality, cultural and social tumult, and individual alienation (Mowlana, 1998, p. 22). Globalization of Culture and Identity in the Information Era On the subject of globalization, the most controversial debate is raised on the issue of cultural globalization and its main topic, the identity crisis and the role of mass media as a facilitating tool for its expansion or limitation.The notion of cultural globalization has prompted various reactions, reflecting contradictory implications. Some perceive this phenomenon as an dick for establishment of universal unity and democracy based on a global culture horse sense as the global village. According to the principles of McLuhan (1968, 1964), this is due to the expansion of new communication systems. However, others disagree and contend that globalization has not resulted in a unified political and economic identity (Rajaei, 2001). In contrast, cultural globalization has destroyed national identities. Fukuyama challenges the idea of cultural globalization. He argues that despite external economic pressures, societies tend to have-to doe with their individual identities and cultural values eventually determine the economic direction of the countries. This doesnt mean that societies will not be impacted by the globalization trend. However, there are more profound elements in national cultures, which resist the uniformity derived from economic and political ideologies.Critics argue that cultural globalization will result in cultural dominance and supremacy. The deterioration of endemic cultures will be replaced with a universal culture promoting excessive consumption and dominance of the economic and information technology powers of the world.These scholars believe that the western world is forged to provide a suitable response to cultural globalization. This is because it is being challenged by numerous social and cultural predicaments, itself.Tomlinson, one of the world-class theorists says The cultural globalization that we are witnessing today is not the net result of gentleman endeavors and experiences and even it has not equitably benefited from cultural diversities. Rather it is the manifestation of dominance of a certain overpower culture (Skelton & Allen, 1999, p. 23). These researchers emphasize that the efforts made to conform to the aggressive culture or interpret western culture in various parts of the world have had disastrous results and have revealed insurmountable cultural gaps. Thus, it is unimaginable to create a global culture with this procedure, and it only widens the existing gap between cultures.Doubtless, globalization has affected certain values rooted in major religions and culture s of the world. Concepts of good and evil, right and wrong, individualism and pluralism, individual interaction with the society and the very meaning of life are all warped and corrupted by global capitalism, international markets, mass media and the promotion of excessive consumption. Even some local languages and valuable traditions are on the verge of disappearance as the result of globalization. Global consumerism is now forming a homogeneous global culture where indigenous cultures of the South are being replaced by Western cultures (Muzaffar, 2002).